Taking a Closer Look at Terms Commonly Used in Conveyancing


Buying or selling property can be a complex process, often filled with legal jargon that can be confusing for those who are unfamiliar with the conveyancing process. Conveyancing lawyers can be helpful in navigating the nuances of the process, but it’s also beneficial to understand some of the common terms used in conveyancing. This article will take a closer look at some of the key terms used to help you better grasp the process.

Title Search

A title search is a fundamental step in the conveyancing process. It involves examining public records to confirm a property’s legal ownership and check for any encumbrances or liens against it. Conveyancing lawyers typically conduct a title search to ensure that the seller has the legal right to sell the property and that there are no legal issues that could affect the transaction.

Due Diligence

Due diligence refers to the comprehensive appraisal of a property before finalising the purchase. This process allows the buyer to assess the property’s condition, zoning laws and any potential issues that may not be immediately obvious. Conveyancing lawyers often assist with due diligence by reviewing contracts, inspecting legal documentation and ensuring compliance with local regulations.


A caveat is a legal notice lodged with the Titles Office, indicating that someone other than the owner has an interest in the property. This could be due to a pending legal matter or a financial interest. When a caveat is lodged, it prevents the property from being sold or transferred until the issue is resolved. Conveyancing lawyers can help lodge or remove caveats to protect the interests of their clients.

Cooling-Off Period

The cooling-off period is a short timeframe following the signing of a property contract during which the buyer can withdraw from the agreement without significant penalties. This period allows the buyer to reconsider their decision and conduct further inspections or negotiations if necessary. In most Australian states, the cooling-off period is usually around three to five days. Conveyancing lawyers can provide guidance on the specific cooling-off period applicable in your region and assist with any necessary actions during this time.


An easement is a legal right that allows a person or entity to use a portion of someone else’s property for a specific purpose. Common examples include utility companies having the right to access private land to maintain power lines or water pipes.

Easements can affect property value and usage, so it’s crucial to identify any existing easements during the conveyancing process. Conveyancing lawyers can help interpret easements and advise on how they may impact your property transaction.


Settlement is the final stage of the conveyancing process, where ownership of the property is formally transferred from the seller to the buyer. During settlement, the buyer pays the remaining balance of the purchase price, and the seller hands over the property’s title deed. Conveyancing lawyers coordinate the settlement process, ensuring all legal and financial obligations are met.

Contract of Sale

The Contract of Sale is a legally binding agreement between the buyer and the seller, outlining the terms and conditions of the property transaction. This document includes details such as the purchase price, settlement date and any special conditions. Conveyancing lawyers review the Contract of Sale to ensure their clients’ interests are protected and that all terms are fair and reasonable.


Understanding these common conveyancing terms can help demystify the property transaction process and empower you to make informed decisions. Whether you’re a first-time buyer or an experienced investor, having a basic grasp of these terms, along with the support of skilled conveyancing lawyers, can make your property journey much smoother.